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Category Archives: Infectious Diseases


Most U.S. Health Plans Must Now Cover the Full Cost of PrEP, But More Than the Medication Is Needed for HIV Prevention

By O’Neill Institute

This expert column was written by Landon Myers and Sean Bland. Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a medication that people at risk for HIV take to prevent HIV acquisition. When taken as prescribed, it is highly effective for preventing HIV acquisition. Despite its efficacy, PrEP uptake has been relatively low in the United States, in […]

Thematic Areas: Infectious Diseases


Could a Systems Approach be the Disruptor Needed in HIV Prevention?

By O’Neill Institute

This expert column was written by Charles Holmes, Sara M. Allinder, and Anna Carter.   Business as usual is not working in HIV prevention. The latest UNAIDS data from 2019 demonstrates that we are collectively failing to bring down the number of new infections globally. Despite tremendous gains in the number of people living with HIV […]



Leading the COVID-19 Vaccination Response: Lessons Learned from the Smallpox Eradication Campaign

By O’Neill Institute

This expert column was written by Adi Radhakrishnan.  With more than 40 million known cases worldwide, and many countries already experiencing a second surge, the global recovery from COVID-19 still appears far away. Experts recently forecast that that the full course of the pandemic will likely run for two years and will only subside if […]



COVID-19 Global Action Plan Letter

By O’Neill Institute

The global response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been marked by a tragic lack of global solidarity, with several exceptions, notably COVAX, a global facility for equitable vaccine distribution. Dozens of global health leaders have therefore joined together to call upon a number of current presidents and prime ministers, The Elders, and the Champions for an AIDS-Free Generation to spearhead a […]

Thematic Areas: Health & Human Rights


Who Bears the Burden?: How Current HCV Elimination Efforts Are Likely to Exacerbate the Existing HCV Burden on Vulnerable LGBT and Immigrant Populations

By O’Neill Institute

This article was written by Prashasti Bhatnagar, JD/MPH candidate at Georgetown University Law Center/Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. INTRODUCTION Hepatitis C is one of the most common blood-borne infections in the United States; about 3.5 million persons are estimated to be chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the nation. Health […]

Thematic Areas: Infectious Diseases


Reflections on the History of Contact Tracing

By Sean Bland

Contact tracing is essential to preventing the spread of COVID-19. I previously wrote a blog post about the release of an O’Neill Institute brief, Quick Take: HIV Lessons for COVID-19 Contact Tracing. While the brief provides recommendations for what to do and not to do in responding to the COVID-19 crisis, I thought it would […]

Thematic Areas: Infectious Diseases


O’Neill Institute Releases Publication on HIV Lessons for COVID-19 Contact Tracing

By Sean Bland

A critical component of the public health response to COVID-19 is contact tracing. Contact tracing is a strategy for identifying persons who may have been infected with COVID-19 following contact with an infected person. If done effectively, contact tracing could allow us to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and safely relax social distancing even before […]

Thematic Areas: Infectious Diseases


Can the UN CESCR guide States’ responses to COVID-19?

By Ivonne Garza

Image courtesy of The Economist, artist Alice Mollon. In the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak, the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights’ new General Comment No. 25 sheds light on States’ use of science and technology in their pandemic responses, and highlights the importance of research and scientific work as the pandemic […]


COVID-19 Incites Policy Change Surrounding Access to Reproductive Health Services

By Sarah Wetter

This post was written by Sarah Wetter, Law Fellow at the O’Neill Institute, and Rebecca Reingold. Across the globe, the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting women’s ability to access abortion services, as governments implement policies to reduce COVID-19 exposure and address medical resource shortages. In the U.S., at least 11 states have issued policies to restrict […]


Hepatitis Policy Project Releases New Brief on Expanding Hepatitis C Screening and Treatment in Correctional Facilities

By Sonia Canzater

The O’Neill Institute’s Hepatitis Policy Project recently released its latest issue brief, Correctional Institutions Are A Critical Intervention Point For Hepatitis C Elimination, written by Senior Associate Sonia Canzater, on the integral role expanding hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and treatment in the nation’s jails and prisons could play in the effort to eliminate HCV […]

The views reflected in this expert column are those of the individual authors and do not necessarily represent those of the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law or Georgetown University. This blog is solely informational in nature, and not intended as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed and retained attorney in your state or country.

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