Nina Schwalbe is a senior scholar at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law.

Schwalbe is also the CEO and founder of Spark Street Advisors, a think-tank and global advisory firm focused on improving public health outcomes.​ Her leadership positions have included deputy executive secretary and managing director at Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, where she led Gavi’s work in strategic planning, policy development, market-shaping, performance management, and monitoring and evaluation; principal advisor and acting chief of health at UNICEF, overseeing programs in over 150 countries; and founding director of Open Society Institute’s Global Public Health Program.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Schwalbe established USAID’s COVID-19 Vaccine Access and Delivery Initiative, where she led the distribution of one billion vaccine doses to low- and lower-middle-income countries. She also co-chaired the WHO-UNESCO Research Network Working Group on Educational Institutions and COVID-19.

Schwalbe’s scholarship ranges from vaccine equity to the role of artificial intelligence in global public health. She has published extensively in The Lancet, the British Medical Journal, Vaccines, and other peer-reviewed journals and has written about public health for the Atlantic, Foreign Policy, the Financial Times, STAT News, and The Washington Post, among others.

Schwalbe is a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a principal visiting fellow at the United Nations International Institute for Global Health, and an adjunct assistant professor at Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health.

She holds a B.A. from Harvard University, an MPH from Columbia’s Mailman School of Public Health, and a Ph.D. from the University of Witwatersrand.

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