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The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) have set a goal to eliminate Hepatitis C as a public health threat by 2030.

Elimination of Hepatitis C in the U.S. would result in the significant reduction of the incidence of the infection – to the point where cases of the infection are rare and sporadic – as a result of deliberate efforts, with ongoing efforts to maintain the zero prevalence.

In 2017, HHS released its 2017-2020 Viral Hepatitis Action Plan to set the course for elimination of Hepatitis B and C in the U.S.

Key Goals of the plan to work toward elimination are by 2020 to:

  • Decrease the number of new HCV infections by at least 60%
  • Increase the number of persons aware of their HCV infection to 66%
  • Reduce the number of HCV-related deaths by 25%
  • Reduce the number of new HCV infections in persons ages 20-39 by at least 60%

In 2016 and 2017. The National Academies of Sciences released a 2- part report on the Feasibility of Eliminating Hepatitis B and C in the U.S.

The availability of curative HCV drug treatments could make Hepatitis C elimination a reality, but only if those infected know their status, get treatment, and complete the course of therapy.