Anand Grover is a leading figure in efforts to use law to advance the rights of those living with, or vulnerable to, HIV/AIDS in India. As the director and co-founder of the Lawyers Collective, he has handled hundreds of HIV-oriented cases in India on issues ranging from discrimination to access to medicines. He argued Naz Foundation Trust v. Government of NCT, Delhi, and Others, in which the Delhi High Court struck down the criminal prohibitions relating to sodomy in the Indian Penal Code. Previously, Grover served as the UN Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health.
Grover serves as a member of various renowned health boards. These include serving as a National Advisory Board Member of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), a member of the World Care Council, a member of the Board of the International Council of AIDS Service Organizations (ICASO), a member of the Core Group of NGOs representatives in the National Human Rights Commission of India, and a member of the National Advisory Board on HIV and AIDS set up by the prime minister of India. He was also a member of the drafting group of the International Guidelines on Human Rights and HIV/AIDS.