O'Neill Institute  |  August 9, 2019

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This Quick Take document provides a brief introduction to HIV cluster detection and highlights both its promise and risks. Cluster detection a public health tool that uses molecular data about the HIV virus reported to health departments by laboratories that conduct drug resistance testing as a part of routine clinical care. This tool enables health departments to identify clusters where HIV transmission is occurring rapidly and tailor public health responses to these clusters. However, this tool also raises concerns about privacy and the potential use of cluster detection information to prosecute people living with HIV for exposing others to HIV.

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